Glossary

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Examiners - At A Glance Guide

Examiners   Moderators  
Senior Examiners Examiners Senior Moderators Moderators
Chair of Examiners
  • Maintains the standard at subject level.
  • A teacher or former teacher with expertise in a subject.
  • Generally experienced senior examiners who have "come through the ranks" to take on additional duties.
  • May have a deputy chair for ad hoc help.
Examiner
  • Marks candidates' scripts / responses to exam questions in accordance with a pre-defined mark scheme.
  • Adheres to the Code of Practice and examination procedures.
  Moderator
  • Reviews centres' assessment of candidates' work, in accordance with agreed criteria and procedures.
Chief Examiner
  • Maintains the standard at specification or qualification level.
  • Supervises principal examiners.
  • Is a principal examiner or moderator for one unit within the specification.
  • Reports to the chair of examiners.
Visiting Examiner
  • Examiners who visit centres to mark performance-based components, rather than scripts.
  Visiting Moderator
  • Moderates performance-based components.
  • Checks a centre's marking of candidate performance, rather than moderating assessments marked by a centre.
Principal Examiner
  • Maintains the standard at unit or component level.
  • Acts as both lead assessment writer and lead examiner, unless the role is split.
  • Reports to the chief examiner.
  • Larger subjects may also have an assistant principal examiner to share the load.
Team Leader (examiner)
  • Marks candidate scripts and guides and co-ordinates a team of examiners to ensure they are marking to the agreed standard.
Principal Moderator
  • Ensures units that are assessed by centres meet the required standards.
  • Reports to chief examiner.
  • Larger subjects may also have an assistant principal moderator to share the load.
Team Leader (moderator)
  • Moderates centre assessments and guides and co-ordinates a team of moderators to ensure they are moderating to the agreed standard.

The Chair and Chief Examiner are responsible for maintaining standards across both examined and moderated units within a specification.

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